Gazing into GHG’s Palantir: “In the House of Tom Bombadil”

The Grey Havens Group Palantir has seen and heard much, but it is unpredictable and often fell. As the mists clear, the withered leaves of conversation of earliest days are revealed in the barest shreds…

“Hey! Come merry dol!” Come and join the party.
Old Tom Bombadil is singing, won’t the talk be hearty!
Mysteries seeking, questions raising, stories to be tested.
Heated debate, prose praising, theories to be bested.
“Hey! Come derry dol!” long we will be talking!
You who wander, ponder here, don’t you now be balking!
Tom is in the house again. Goldberry’s waiting,
Hop along, sing along, hungers to be sating!

-GHG Palantir call to the meeting

Any discussion of “In the House of Tom Bombadil” is bound to be divergent, raucous and full of contention. From Letters, Tolkien gives the reader little more explanation than that Tom Bombadil is an example of other or a manifestation of environmental spirit, meant to express the far reaches of Middle-earth beyond the narrow gaze of the quest. Given such vague and open-ended description, it is little wonder the discussion of this chapter spent significant time on the nature of Tom and Goldberry. Many theories were discussed, including but not limited to those identifying the two as Aule and Yavanna, or Adam and Eve, or even Eru Ilúvatar.

All that may be definitively stated is that they are both, and Tom in particular, meant to be enigmatic. Parallels to ‘On Fairy Stories’ were rampant, as were links to the Silmarillion, and the notion of Applicability. The ambiguity created around the existence, purpose and action of Tom, Goldberry and Old Man Willow is the fertile ground through which insight, theory and applicability spring. Taking a bird’s eye view of this chapter, it may be seen how ambiguity, multiplicity and differing reports are used by Tolkien to create moments ripe for the reader’s applicability, in which the definition of the moment may constantly change, yet ever be true.

Tom’s house, for which this chapter is named, is as much a character as any. Tolkien’s description is very precise with regards to the cardinal points, orienting the house in the land, and with regards to its internal navigation. It is very much an enigma, like its residents. Like the map beyond the Shire, its plan is full of blank areas. Yet those areas described are written with tremendous clarity. It is both known and familiar, as it is also opaque.

How Tolkien portrays evil is a continuing theme in the chapter. Much is also gleaned from Tom’s own description, which further develops his own characters by virtue of his stated beliefs about the running of the world. Old Man Willow and the Barrow Wights both appear ‘evil’ but fall into a grey area. They act in the way a fly finds the spider evil when caught in the web. Too often evil is associated with beings or events which attack or harm, without study of the underlying reason, if any behind the action. Do the trees or the wights lack Reason? If so, they only function by their nature, and not by any moral code.

Merry, Pippin, and Frodo dream very vivid nightmarish dreams the night following the rescue by Tom. These three fell to the temptation of Old Man Willow’s singing. Are the dreams part of his lingering influence or even his song entering through the window? Are they prescient visions? It seems obvious, the tree is central to Merry and Pippin’s dreams, as they echo their harrowing experience from earlier that day. Frodo’s dream, however, is a true dream of past events, and may infer some power granted by virtue of bearing the Ring. They are not necessarily hopeful visions though, so does the Ring guide the vision towards darkness as in the manner of the Palantir and Denethor?

This chapter marks the center of a ‘trilogy’ of Tom/Old Forest chapters which function as a united narrative. This grouping of threes appears to continue in future chapters, perhaps in reflection of the three Themes of Iluvatar? Groupings of chapters by threes is a common feature of meta-narrative within the larger story, and will be seen again.

… until the hour of our next meeting.

Gazing into GHG’s Palantir: ‘The Old Forest’

The Grey Havens Group Palantir has seen and heard much, but it is unpredictable and often fell. It is a contrary device, who knows what it may reveal to the unwary gaze? As the mists clear, ages pass, and the withered leaves of the conversation of earliest days is revealed in the barest shreds…

When a group comes to discuss The Lord of the Rings there is one chapter (or perhaps three) in particular which are guaranteed to spark far reaching debate and analysis. That chapter is “The Old Forest” and those which follow, which have been an enigma and constant source of introspection since their composition. As a group, GHG Palantir delved deeply into the character of Tom and nature itself, as well as the nature of evil. Is Old Man Willow evil? Or the Barrow Wights? Or is it that they just ARE? In the same way the predator pursues its prey for sustenance, are the actions of these ‘other’ elements just their way, and thereby neither good or evil?

Evil is a very complex matter, not only in Tolkien, but also in world mythology and global understanding. As expected, we wandered down many paths, both odd and fascinating, ultimately coming to the conclusion that in their naiveté the hobbits need to experience evil or danger in all its many forms to even begin to understand it. The hobbits, as our guides/avatars, lead us through this growing understanding as well.

We also delved into the far past with regards to the nature of the dispute between elves and dwarves, paying particular attention to the affect of being adopted Children vs. actual Children of Ilúvatar. This grew out of a discussion of how Trees are imbued with a certain sentience, independent of whether they are Ents, or even huorns, as creations of Yavanna. Therefore there would be some natural tension as first creations before the Eldar and Men, but being subservient to them.

Enchantment is also a very important part of this section of the book. We discussed the nature of the Withy-Windle and the symbiosis that is created by the enchantment of the Barrow Downs and the trees which both feed off the water and feed it their own malice. This bears on Tolkien’s other treatment of waters in the Enchanted Stream, the stream from the Morghul vale, the waters outside the west gate of Moria, and the dark streams issuing from the Ered Gorgoroth.

This chapter, along with “Three is Company” before, begins the process of revelation by which the reader is shown the true heroism of Sam and even sets the foundation for his centrality in the narrative entire. Sam, alone of the hobbits, does not succumb to the power of Old Man Willow. Whether by virtue of his rustic simplicity or insurmountable hobbit-sense, he is not fooled by the tree’s song. Merry and Pippin are the first to succumb. Frodo initially resists, but later falls. This sets up and continues foreshadowing of the pivotal moments to come.

…The mists clear, and the light within dims until the hour of our next meeting.